When a baby is very young, his parents tend to fear a lot for his well-being and the health of the baby. They try to guess exactly what the baby wants and what may be causing discomfort.
But how do you understand babies without words? Experts describe three main methods that can help babies communicate with adults.
Although all parents learn to understand and interpret their baby’s individual cues, we are interested in some common rules used to distinguish their needs.
Signs to help you understand your baby
the way they cry
Crying is the main form of expression of the baby’s needs during the first 4 months of life. But how can parents understand if the baby cries from hunger, pain or anything else?
a calling cry
The baby has been alone for a long time and now he wants his parents to look for him. They cry continuously for 5-6 seconds and then stop for 20 seconds as if waiting for the results.
If the parent does not respond, this cycle is repeated several times until the crying becomes continuous.
A cry for hunger
It may start with a calling cry, but if the baby has not been picked up and fed, the crying will continue and become hysterical. The baby may also continue to turn his head, making clicking sounds with his mouth.
A cry for the pain
This scream will be monotonous, loud and constant. Periodically, there will be hysterical outbursts indicating that the pain is increasing.
However, if the baby is sick, the crying can also be monotonous but quiet because it is not strong enough to make loud noises.
A cry for physiological processes
Even gas, urination or defecation can initially cause discomfort in a child. This type of crying resembles moans and screeches.
A cry for sleepiness
When the baby wants to sleep but cannot fall asleep for some reason, his cry sounds like a soft, offended whimper, followed by a yawn. The baby will also rub his eyes and ears.
A cry of discomfort
This crying is angry and intermittent and is often accompanied by restlessness. The baby can also shake and bow. This means it’s time for a diaper check or they may be too hot or too cold in their clothes.
Also, very young babies they may cry when they want to change their environment or when they are frustrated or boring
the sounds they make
australian pediatrician Priscilla Dunstan has been studying and researching the sounds of early childhood (up to 3-4 months) for more than 20 years. Thousands of babies of different nationalities participated in her experiments.
Priscilla thinks that the primary reflex sounds are international. From 4 months, babies begin to make sounds that seek communication more related to their physical needs.
Priscilla opened her own school teaching new parents to understand their babies. The ability to recognize these sounds early is thought to prevent a future crying episode.
The “dictionary” of the main sounds includes:
‘Neh’ – “I’m hungry!” This sound is produced when the baby pushes the tongue towards the palate and is activated by the sucking reflex.
‘Eh’ – “I’m going to burp!” This sound is formed when excess air begins to escape from the baby’s esophagus and the baby tries to release it reflexively from the mouth.
‘Oh’ – “I am sleepy or tired!” The baby makes this “tired sound” by pursing its lips before yawning.
‘Heh’ – “I feel uncomfortable!” Unpleasant tactile sensations cause the baby to move and shake hands and feet. All of these movements contribute to the ‘Heh’ sound, especially when the baby’s mouth is slightly open.
‘Eairh’ – ‘I have gas and pain in my belly!’ The sounds they make are distorted into moans as the baby stretches out the tummy and exhales while trying to get rid of the pain.
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